Water in Myanmar
Myanmar, the Golden Land, is mostly a Buddhist country. It was conquered by the British in the XIX century and subsequently incorporated into its Indian Empire. It was administered as a province of India until 1937, finally gaining its independence in 1948.
Since 1962, the military has controlled the country. This is replete of natural resources, but growth and progress are stifled by strict government controls.
Since 1989 the military authorities have promoted the name Myanmar as conventional name for the state. Since then, the name Myanmar is widely accepted by numerous countries and by the United Nations.
With nearly 60.000.000 of population distributed in a total area of 678.500 square kilometres, Myanmar is the largest country in mainland Southeast Asia and the 40th largest in the World. Bordered in the northwest with Bangladesh, it shares its longest borders with “Tibet” to the north and China to the northeast. It is bounded by Laos and Thailand to the southeast.
Much of the country lies between the Tropic of Cancer and the Equator. It lies in the monsoon region of Asia, with its coastal regions receiving over 5,000 mm of rain annually. Annual rainfall in the delta region is approximately 2.500 mm, wile average annual rainfall in the Dry Zone, which is located in the central Myanmar, is less than 1.000 mm. North regions of the country are the coolest, with average temperatures of 21º C (70 F). Costal and delta regions have mean temperatures of 32º C (90 F).
The country’s slow economic growth has contributed to the preservation of much of its environment and ecosystem. The forest, including dense tropical growth and valuable teak in lower Myanmar, cover over 49 % of the country. Others trees indigenous to the region include acacia, bamboo, ironwood, mangrove, coconut and betel palm, and rubber has been introduced. In the highlands of the north, oak, pine and various rhododendrons cover much of the land. The lands along the coast support all varieties of tropical fruits. In the Dry Zone, vegetation is sparse and stunted.
Typical jungle animals, particularly tigers and leopards are common in Myanmar. In upper Myanmar, there are rhinoceros, wild buffalos, wild boars, deer, antelopes and elephants. Smaller mammals are also numerous, ranging from gibbons and monkeys to flying foxes and tapirs. The abundance of birds is notable with over 800 species. Among reptile species there are crocodiles, geckos, cobras, Myanmar pythons and turtles. There are hundred of species of freshwater fish, which constitute a very important food source.
Keeping the most pure sources due to his slow economic growth, Myanmar is a unique country that still preserves a traditional system of medicine unknown to many. The houses are made of Bamboo all over the country, except in the capitals. Due to such circumstance, in the rural areas, it is very difficult to have water and that’s the reason why is a primordial necessity to set up a water system.
The Establishment of Water Wells can cost an amount between 1.000 euros up to 10.000 euros, depending upon whether the project consists in a simple pump or with a tank. It is also variable according to how many feet depth must be excavated to dig a well.
The initial project of Trikaya includes the establishment of 6 water wells and a tank in the States of Shan and Magwe, ones of the more needed, with an approximated total cost of 26.000 euros. At the present, there is an experienced team in Myanmar that provides the required technical and material support for the optimal development of the scheme. The cost of each water well can be covered either by an individual o by institutions.
1. A water well and a tank at Shan State. Estimated cost: 7.000 Euros.
2. Three water wells at Mebegon village, at the State of Magwe. Estimated cost: 3.000 euros each.
3. Two water wells in two villages near Mebegon village at the State of Magwe. Estimated cost: 5.000 euros each.
These are some of the details of a Water Well donated at Pakoku, in the west bank of Bagan. It had a cost of 5.500 euros and it can produce 7000 gals per hour.
Well Depth: 500 feet
4’’ Dia pipe: 500 Euros
Drilling: 1200 Euros
Pump: 3000 Euros
Water storage tank: 500 Euros
Extra Expenditures: 300 Euros
These are some of the details of Water Well donated in the village of Myo Thit, near by Pakok Ku. Its cost was 6.500 euros.
Water Well (including pipe): 2400 euros
Pump: 1800 euros
Two Water storage tanks: 1500 euros
Brick Water storage tank: 500 euros
Extra Expenditures: 300 euros